Carnitine is an essential amino acid, while carnosine is a non-essential amino acid. The term “essential” simply means that it is required through diet (by eating foods that have or produce carnitine) to obtain the amino acid, whereas non-essential means that your body can make the amino acid carnosine on its own.

Carnitine vs carnosine

Carnitine vs carnosine: both are both two of the twenty-two amino acids known to exist, and can indeed be gotten through eating animal protein foods such as beef, chicken, pork, fish, and eggs. However, carnosine is also made by the body without supplementation, but carnitine is only made available to the body through diet or taking supplements.

Be careful of taking supplements of either carnitine vs carnosine, separately or together, because they can have side effects, especially when taken with certain medications, so be sure to ask your doctor/physician before taking them. Normal amounts gotten through food should not typically apply.

According to LiveStrong.com “Carnitine is synthesized from lysine and methionine, while carnosine is made from alanine and histidine.”

Carnitine vs carnosine: How they work in the body

Carnitine transports fatty acids in the body to burn fat. Carnitine also transports toxic wastes out of the mitochondria in cells. Concentrations of carnitine reside in the skeletal and cardiac (heart) muscle. Carnitine may also help reduce the symptoms of an overactive thyroid, as well as lower pain related to diabetic neuropathy.

Carnosine, a different amino acid altogether, is an antioxidant that functions in the skeletal muscle, brain, nervous system. Scientists are still not sure how carnosine works exactly, but evidently it can chelate (known as chelation), which is the removal of excess amounts of copper and zinc from the human body. LiveStrong reports that carnosine also improves wound healing and helps cataracts.

Both carnitine vs carnosine (or vice versa) have anti-aging effects and slow memory loss associated with age-related Alzheimer’s disease. An alternative treatment for autism is also a function of these two aminos.

Carnitine studies show it improves symptoms related to autism with a grade “B” while carnosine got a grade “C” for improvements in behavior and communication related to autism, according to Michael Chez, M.D. et al. (Nov 2002 Journal of Child Neurology) and Dan Rossignol, M.D., (Oct 2009 Clinical Psychiatry).

Carnitine vs carnosine for cardiovascular health

Both of these amino acids can improve cardiovascular functioning by providing health benefits to the heart, but in completely different ways. Carnitine reduces symptoms of peripheral vascular disease and angina in the heart, while carnosine lowers cholesterol and also reduces the risk of atherosclerosis.

Overall, it is recommended by many physicians that D-carnitine should be avoided since it interferes with the more natural form of L-carnitine in the body. Please check with your doctor before taking carnitine or carnosine supplements.

Please remember to visit our other health news portals, Medicinal Mushroom Information Center at http://medicinalmushroominfo.com Vancouver Health News at http://VancouverHealthNews.ca and http://todayswordofwisdom.com.

Reference:

http://www.livestrong.com/article/493759-carnosine-vs-carnitine/